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A Beginner’s Guide to Python Global Variables


Python is a popular programming language that is known for its simplicity and versatility. One of the key features of Python is its ability to work with variables, which are used to store data and values. In this article, we will explore one type of variable in Python known as the global variable.

What is a global variable? A global variable is a variable that can be accessed from any part of a program, regardless of its scope. In Python, a global variable is declared outside of any function, class, or method. Once a global variable is defined, it can be used anywhere within the program.

Advantages of using global variables:

  1. Global variables can be used to store data that needs to be accessed across multiple functions.
  2. They can help simplify code by reducing the need for passing variables between functions.
  3. Global variables can be used to store configuration settings that apply to the entire program.

Example of using global variables in Python:

x = 10 # This is a global variable
def func1():
print("The value of x is:", x)
def func2():
global x # Declare x as a global variable
x = 20 # Update the value of x
print("The value of x is:", x)
func1() # Output: The value of x is: 10
func2() # Output: The value of x is: 20
func1() # Output: The value of x is: 20

In this example, we define a global variable x outside of any function. We then define two functions func1() and func2(), where func1() simply prints the value of x, while func2() updates the value of x and then prints it. Note that we have to declare x as a global variable inside func2() in order to update its value.


Global variables are a powerful feature of Python that can simplify code and make it easier to work with data across multiple functions. However, it’s important to use global variables judiciously and avoid potential issues such as name clashes and unintentional modification of variable values. With the information in this article, you should now have a good understanding of how to use global variables in Python.

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